Rough Notes:


The Idaho Falls temple features symbolic water flowing from the top down. Baptismal Font Water flowing from the symbolic base of the temple
AtonementBloodBlueEightInitiationJesus ChristLifePurificationRebirthSalvationTruthTwoWashingWoman
And this is my doctrine, and it is the doctrine which the Father hath given unto me; and I bear record of the Father, and the Father beareth record of me, and the Holy Ghost beareth record of the Father and me; and I bear record that the Father commandeth all men, everywhere, to repent and believe in me. And whoso believeth in me, and is baptized, the same shall besaved; and they are they who shall inherit the kingdom of God.
3 Nephi 11:32-33

“This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.”
1 John 5:6

“Therefore they were called after this holy order, and were sanctified, and their garments were washed white through the blood of the Lamb.”
Alma 13:11

“And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.”
Revelation 7:14

“I say unto you, ye will know at that day that ye cannot be saved; for there can no man be saved except his garments are washed white; yea, his garments must be purified until they are cleansed from all stain, through the blood of him of whom it has been spoken by our fathers, who should come to redeem his people from their sins.”
Alma 5:21

“One of the ways the Old Testament describes creation is through a conflict between Yahweh and the sea (or “waters” or one of the sea monsters, Leviathan or Rahab). Sea is a symbol of chaos, and so Yahweh’s victory in the conflict establishes order. He is the creator, the supreme power. Israel’s proper response is awe and praise.”
Pete Enns, Professor of Biblical Studies at Eastern University – link

“In her new translation of the Rig-veda, Wendy O’Flaherty says that the ancient Hindus believed that “the earth was spread upon the cosmic waters” and that these primeval oceans “surrounded heaven and earth, separating the dwelling-place of men and gods….”(19) After the sky fell in on the Celts, the next event they feared was that the seas would come rushing in from all directions.(20) In the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elish, the sky is made from the body of Tiamat, the goddess of watery chaos. The victorious god Marduk splits “her like a shellfish into two parts: half of her he set up and ceiled it as sky, pulled down the bar and posted guards. He bade them to allow not her waters to escape.”…Although it sounds odd at first, the rabbinic idea that the sky-dome was made of congealed water makes eminent sense in terms of creation out of watery chaos.”
N. F. Gier, God, Reason, and the Evangelicals ch.13 – link

“Then shall he immerse him or her in the water, and come forth again out of the water.”
Doctrine and Covenants 20:74

“And it came to pass that I beheld that the rod of iron, which my father had seen, was the word of God, which led to the fountain of living waters, or to the tree of life; which waters are a representation of the love of God; and I also beheld that the tree of life was a representation of the love of God.”
1 Nephi 11:25

“Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean: wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.”
Psalms 51:7

“…even so ye must be born again into the kingdom of heaven, of water…For by the water ye keep the commandment;”
Moses 6:59-60

“But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.”
John 4:14

“Then washed I thee with water; yea, I throughly washed away thy blood from thee, and I anointed thee with oil.”
Ezekiel 16:9

“That by reason of transgression cometh the fall, which fall bringeth death, and inasmuch as ye were born into the world by water, and blood, and the spirit, which I have made, and so became of dust a living soul, even so ye must be born again into the kingdom of heaven, of water, and of the Spirit, and be cleansed by blood, even the blood of mine Only Begotten; that ye might be sanctified from all sin, and enjoy the words of eternal life in this world, and eternal life in the world to come, even immortal glory;”
Moses 6:59


Provo Temple featuring potential "Pillar of fire" and "everlasting burnings", © 2007, Brian Davis Potential flame symbol in San Antonio Temple
Nauvoo Temple Weathervane with stylized flame at the top.
“by the water ye keep the commandment; by the Spirit ye are justified, and by the blood, ye are sanctified.”
Moses 6:60

“Atop the pole supporting the [Nauvoo Temple] weather vane is a stylized flame of fire. Tongues of fire are a symbol of the gift of thee Holy Ghost (Acts 2:3-4). A fitting symbol resting a top the highest pinacle of the Nauvoo Temple, where the Spirit of the Lord, even the Holy Ghost, rests down upon those assembled. One account even reported that “a flame of fire” was seen “to rest upon the temple.”
Lisle Brown, Nauvoo Temple Exterior Symbolism,, accessed Feb. 26, 2013

“And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.”
Acts 2:3-4

“John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:”
Luke 3:16

“For the gate by which ye should enter is repentance and baptism by water; and then cometh a remission of your sins by fire and by the Holy Ghost.”
2 Nephi 31:17

“And as they looked to behold they cast their eyes towards heaven, and they saw the heavens open, and they saw angels descending out of heaven as it were in the midst of fire; and they came down and encircled those little ones about, and they were encircled about with fire; and the angels did minister unto them.”
3 Nephi 17:24

“Did ever people hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live?”
Deuteronomy 4:33

“And I said unto them that our father also saw that the justice of God did also divide the wicked from the righteous; and the brightness thereof was like unto the brightness of a flaming fire, which ascendeth up unto God forever and ever, and hath no end.”
1 Nephi 15:30

“Every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make it go through the fire, and it shall be clean: nevertheless it shall be purified with the water of separation: and all that abideth not the fire ye shall make go through the water.”
Numbers 31:23

“Every man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort it is.”
1 Corinthians 3:13


Jan-Victors-Anointing-David-2 anointing
David anointed king by Solomon
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“My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment.”
Luke 7:46

“Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord: And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.”
James 5:14-15

See “Holy Spirit”

“And the priest shall take some of the log of oil, and pour it into the palm of his own left hand: And the priest shall dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand, and shall sprinkle of the oil with his finger seven times before the Lord: And of the rest of the oil that is in his hand shall the priest put upon the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and upon the great toe of his right foot, upon the blood of the trespass offering: And the remnant of the oil that is in the priest’s hand he shall pour upon the head of him that is to be cleansed: and the priest shall make an atonement for him before the Lord.”
Leviticus 14:15-18

“It was a custom of antiquity to consecrate persons to the sacerdotal and regal offices by anointing them with oil.”,christ

Christ = Christos: from criw – chrio; anointed; > Chrio: probably akin to craomai – chraomai, through the idea of contact; to smear or rub with oil, i.e. (by implication) to consecrate to an office or religious service:–anoint.

See “Anointing”

“Horns were also used anciently to hold sacred olive oil for anointing kings and priests…Olive oil is a symbol for the light of the Holy Ghost.”
Val Brinkerhoff, “The Day Star: Reading Sacred Architecture” (Book 1), 153

“by the water ye keep the commandment; by the Spirit ye are justified, and by the blood, ye are sanctified.”
Moses 6:60

“Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. And five of them were wise, and five were foolish. They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.”
Matt. 25:1-4

Coming soon…

Coming soon…

CUP 12

Jesus in Gethsemane © 2014 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc.
Pharaoh Seti I and his son Remeses II offer incense in a spoon. Incense spoon with hand underneath © Sandra Heska King Wine and Bread
The Cup Priest with cupped-hands pouring incense Priest with incense in cupped hands White frankincense looks like white stones, potentially connected to the white stone mentioned in the Book of Revelation.
“The manner of administering the wine–Behold, they took the cup, and said: O God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee, in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this wine to the souls of all those who drink of it, that they may do it in remembrance of the blood of thy Son, which was shed for them; that they may witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they do always remember him, that they may have his Spirit to be with them. Amen.”
Moroni 5:1-2

“And behold, I am the light and the life of the world; and I have drunk out of that bitter cup which the Father hath given me, and have glorified the Father in taking upon me the sins of the world, in the which I have suffered the will of the Father in all things from the beginning.”
3 Nephi 11:11

“…I, having accomplished and finished the will of him whose I am, even the Father…and would that I might not drink the bitter cup, and shrink— Nevertheless, glory be to the Father, and I partook and finished…”
D&C 19:2,18,19

“When a young man was ready for marriage, he went to the home of his prospective bride, accompanied by his father and a friend. The young lady receiving the guests would have her father, her mother, and usually a friend. After the purchase price of the bride was negotiated and agreed, the young man poured a cup of wine for the young woman and placed it before her. She had a short time to make her decision. If she refused, the young suitor would leave never to return. If she drank of the glass, they were bound by covenant and were now betrothed.”
Richard P. Himmer, The Bitter Cup – Link

Drinking the cup may represent a sign that one accepts God’s will, or entrance into or a renewal of a covenant. By taking the contents of the cup into yourself, you internalize what has been presented to you. A cup can be used to receive, transport and give.

“After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till he come.”
1 Corinthians 11:25-26

“Then took I the cup at the Lord’s hand…”
Jeremiah 25:17

“Thou hast walked in the way of thy sister; therefore will I give her cup into thine hand.”
Ezekiel 23:31

In LDS theology, a cup is a vessel that typically holds liquid, for example, the sacrament cup holds wine or water. The Father gave Jesus a symbolic cup containing a mission, to atone for the sins of mankind. Our bodies are like vessels that hold our life, our blood and our spirits. In the ancient temple, censers (spoon or cup-like instruments) held frankincense (a typically white, yellow or red hard resin) for burning on the altar before the veil.

“In the Temple, the priest evidently stood with hand in cupping shape, ready to receive something which was given to him. It was probably incense, though, in the last days (see Rev. 2:17; D&C 130:11), it will evidently be the white stone or urim and thummim, with the new name written in it.”
Dr. Lynn M. Hilton, The Hand as a Cup in Ancient Temple Worship – Link

“Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.”
Luke 22:20

“After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.”
1 Corinthians 11:25

See also “Atonement”